The authors evaluated the prognostic role of 18-fluoro-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/multidetector computed tomography ([F-18]-FDG PET/MDCT) in treating patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL). We retrospectively evaluated 132 patients with HL studied with PET/MDCT before the start of chemotherapy (CTX) for staging purposes and again after two CTX cycles with [doxorubicin (Adriblastin), bleomycin, vinblastine, dacarbazine (ABVD_] (interim PET/MDCT), at least 30 days after the end of the last CTX cycle and/or 3 months after the end of radiotherapy, if delivered (final PET-MDCT). Interim PET-MDCT was negative in 104/132 patients (79%), and their final PET-MDCT showed complete remission in 102/104 (98%) of cases, with disease recurrence/persistence in two (2%). In the remaining 28 (21%) patients, interim PET-MDCT revealed an early response in 68% of cases and chemoresistance with disease progression in 32% of cases; in these 28 patients, final PET-MDCT showed a lack of response to treatment in 43% of cases (43%) and complete remission in 57% of cases. Statistical analysis of these data showed that interim PET-MDCT had a negative predictive value of 98% and a positive predictive value of 42%, with values of sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic accuracy of 85.7%, 86.4% and 86.4%, respectively. Interim PET-MDCT has a reliable prognostic role in diagnosis and treatment of patients with HL, as it helps predict which patients are more likely to achieve a complete response at the end of treatment. PET/MDCT may also lead to a change in treatment, with reduced treatment-related toxic effects and significantly reduced total costs.

Role of [F-18]-FDG-PET/MDCT in evaluating early response in patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma

Danieli R;
2012

Abstract

The authors evaluated the prognostic role of 18-fluoro-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/multidetector computed tomography ([F-18]-FDG PET/MDCT) in treating patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL). We retrospectively evaluated 132 patients with HL studied with PET/MDCT before the start of chemotherapy (CTX) for staging purposes and again after two CTX cycles with [doxorubicin (Adriblastin), bleomycin, vinblastine, dacarbazine (ABVD_] (interim PET/MDCT), at least 30 days after the end of the last CTX cycle and/or 3 months after the end of radiotherapy, if delivered (final PET-MDCT). Interim PET-MDCT was negative in 104/132 patients (79%), and their final PET-MDCT showed complete remission in 102/104 (98%) of cases, with disease recurrence/persistence in two (2%). In the remaining 28 (21%) patients, interim PET-MDCT revealed an early response in 68% of cases and chemoresistance with disease progression in 32% of cases; in these 28 patients, final PET-MDCT showed a lack of response to treatment in 43% of cases (43%) and complete remission in 57% of cases. Statistical analysis of these data showed that interim PET-MDCT had a negative predictive value of 98% and a positive predictive value of 42%, with values of sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic accuracy of 85.7%, 86.4% and 86.4%, respectively. Interim PET-MDCT has a reliable prognostic role in diagnosis and treatment of patients with HL, as it helps predict which patients are more likely to achieve a complete response at the end of treatment. PET/MDCT may also lead to a change in treatment, with reduced treatment-related toxic effects and significantly reduced total costs.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12078/387
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