Gangliosides may play functional roles in platelet physiology. therefore this study has been designed to evaluate whether changes in ganglioside composition may occur as a consequence of platelet activation. The results obtained indicate that lactosylceramide and GM3 are the major glycosphingolipids of human platelets. The lipid-bound sialic acid (LBSA) content was 1.27 +/- 0.04 mu g/mg of protein. Resting plate lets did not express GD3; GD3 was synthesized upon platelet activation (24 +/- 8 ng/mg of protein). The stimulation of platelets with adenosine diphosphate showed the appearance of GD3 even in the absence of degranulation. Finally, incorporation of pyrene-labeled GM3 into platelet membranes, followed by stimulation with adenosine diphosphate, resulted in the appearance of a fluorescent band comigrating with GD3. The present studies indicate that sialyltransferase activation may occur as an early event following platelet stimulation, leading to GD3 synthesis mainly from the GM3 pool.
|Titolo:||Ganglioside content of human platelets - Differences in resting and activated platelets|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1997|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|