It has been reported that nitrate supplementation can improve exercise performance. Most of the studies have used either beetroot juice or sodium nitrate as a supplement; there is lack of data on the potential ergogenic benefits of an increased dietary nitrate intake from a diet based on fruits and vegetables. Our aim was to assess whether a high-nitrate diet increases nitric oxide bioavailability and to evaluate the effects of this nutritional intervention on exercise performance. Seven healthy male subjects participated in a randomized cross-over study. They were tested before and after 6 days of a high (HND) or control (CD) nitrate diet (~8.2 mmolday1 or ~2.9 mmolday1, respectively). Plasma nitrate and nitrite concentrations were significantly higher in HND (127 64 M and 350 120 nM, respectively) compared to CD (23 10 M and 240 100 nM, respectively). In HND (vs. CD) were observed: (a) a significant reduction of oxygen consumption during moderate-intensity constant work-rate cycling exercise (1.178 0.141 vs. 1.269 0.136 Lmin1); (b) a significantly higher total muscle work during fatiguing, intermittent sub-maximal isometric knee extension (357.3 176.1 vs. 253.6 149.0 Nmskg1); (c) an improved performance in Repeated Sprint Ability test. These findings suggest that a high-nitrate diet could be a feasible and effective strategy to improve exercise performance.
|Titolo:||Effects of a short-term high-nitrate diet on exercise performance|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|