The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between serum tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) levels and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the TNFA gene promoter (-376G/A, -308G/A, and -238G/A) in 100 Italian Caucasian women with reproductive failure and 100 fertile controls. Molecular analysis of TNFA SNPs showed higher frequencies of -238G allele (P = .028) as well as the presence of a 3-loci haplotype (-376G/-308A/-238G; P = .020) in fertile controls compared to women with reproductive failure. Serum TNF-alpha levels were higher in study women compared to controls (P = .001). Of interest, the TNFA -376G/-308A/-238G haplotype was an independent predictor of low TNF-alpha levels (P = .021) and miscarriage (P = .023) in multivariate analyses. In conclusion, these findings support the concept of an association of TNFA polymorphisms and recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). In particular, the TNFA -238GG variant and the TNFA -376G/-308A/-238G haplotype might represent protective factors, probably through reduced TNF-alpha production and/or mediated responses.
|Titolo:||TNFA Gene Promoter Polymorphisms and Susceptibility to Recurrent Pregnancy Loss in Italian Women|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|