The present study aimed to investigate motivations for the dual career of Italian student-athletes attending different university courses. For this purpose, the Italian Harmonized version of the Student-athletes’ Motivation toward Sports and Academics Questionnaire (SAMSAQIT/ A) was administered to 760 Italian student-athletes. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were applied to test the factor structure and the reliability of the SAMSAQ-IT/A, respectively. Furthermore, the Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) assessed the fit of the model. A multivariate approach was applied to verify subgroups effects (P B 0.05) in relation to gender (i.e., female, male), competition level (i.e., elite, sub-elite), type of sport (i.e., individual sport, team sport, disciplines performed both as individual and team), educational area (i.e., economical/law, humanistic, mathematics/engineering, medical, movement/sport sciences), and year of attendance (i.e., Bachelor 1st, 2nd, 3rd year, Master degree 1st and 2nd year, off course). EFA highlighted a threefactor model (i.e., Sport Motivation, SM; Academic Motivation, AM; Dual Career Motivation, CM) with acceptable reliability estimates (SM = 0.93; AM = 0.85; CM = 0.90) and good CFA indexes. Furthermore, differences between subgroups were found for gender (SM, P = 0.02; AM, P = 0.007), type of sport (AM, P = 0.039), competition level (SM, P\0.001; CM, P = 0.004), educational area (SM, P = 0.003; AM, P = 0.001; CM, P\0.001), and year of attendance (AM, P = 0.005; CM, P = 0.002). In conclusion, SAMSAQ-IT/ A demonstrated to be a useful tool and results showed that Italian student-athletes’ motivation for dual career has to be specifically investigate according to gender, age, competition level, type of sport, educational area, and year of attendance.

Motivation toward dual career of Italian student-athletes enrolled in different university paths

Flavia Guidotti;
2016-01-01

Abstract

The present study aimed to investigate motivations for the dual career of Italian student-athletes attending different university courses. For this purpose, the Italian Harmonized version of the Student-athletes’ Motivation toward Sports and Academics Questionnaire (SAMSAQIT/ A) was administered to 760 Italian student-athletes. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were applied to test the factor structure and the reliability of the SAMSAQ-IT/A, respectively. Furthermore, the Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) assessed the fit of the model. A multivariate approach was applied to verify subgroups effects (P B 0.05) in relation to gender (i.e., female, male), competition level (i.e., elite, sub-elite), type of sport (i.e., individual sport, team sport, disciplines performed both as individual and team), educational area (i.e., economical/law, humanistic, mathematics/engineering, medical, movement/sport sciences), and year of attendance (i.e., Bachelor 1st, 2nd, 3rd year, Master degree 1st and 2nd year, off course). EFA highlighted a threefactor model (i.e., Sport Motivation, SM; Academic Motivation, AM; Dual Career Motivation, CM) with acceptable reliability estimates (SM = 0.93; AM = 0.85; CM = 0.90) and good CFA indexes. Furthermore, differences between subgroups were found for gender (SM, P = 0.02; AM, P = 0.007), type of sport (AM, P = 0.039), competition level (SM, P\0.001; CM, P = 0.004), educational area (SM, P = 0.003; AM, P = 0.001; CM, P\0.001), and year of attendance (AM, P = 0.005; CM, P = 0.002). In conclusion, SAMSAQ-IT/ A demonstrated to be a useful tool and results showed that Italian student-athletes’ motivation for dual career has to be specifically investigate according to gender, age, competition level, type of sport, educational area, and year of attendance.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12078/15566
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