The tumor suppressor p14(ARF) inhibits cell growth in response to oncogenic stress in a p53-dependent and independent manner. However, new physiologic roles for ARF activation have been proposed. We have previously demonstrated that ARF interacts with p63, influencing its transcriptional activity. p63 is a member of the p53 family involved in skin and limb development, as well as in the homeostasis of mature epidermis. Here, we show that, in human keratinocytes, as well as in tumor-derived cell lines, ARF targets Delta Np63 alpha, the most abundantly expressed p63 isoform, to proteasomal degradation by stimulating its sumoylation. Interestingly, we have observed an increase of ARF expression in differentiating keratinocytes, that is concomitant to the already described upregulation of SUMO2/3. Remarkably, we found that Delta Np63 alpha is preferentially sumoylated by SUMO2, instead of SUMO1, and p14(ARF) increases the efficiency of this process.

Downregulation of DeltaNp63alpha in keratinocytes by p14ARF-mediated SUMO-conjugation and degradation

Fortugno, Paola;
2009-01-01

Abstract

The tumor suppressor p14(ARF) inhibits cell growth in response to oncogenic stress in a p53-dependent and independent manner. However, new physiologic roles for ARF activation have been proposed. We have previously demonstrated that ARF interacts with p63, influencing its transcriptional activity. p63 is a member of the p53 family involved in skin and limb development, as well as in the homeostasis of mature epidermis. Here, we show that, in human keratinocytes, as well as in tumor-derived cell lines, ARF targets Delta Np63 alpha, the most abundantly expressed p63 isoform, to proteasomal degradation by stimulating its sumoylation. Interestingly, we have observed an increase of ARF expression in differentiating keratinocytes, that is concomitant to the already described upregulation of SUMO2/3. Remarkably, we found that Delta Np63 alpha is preferentially sumoylated by SUMO2, instead of SUMO1, and p14(ARF) increases the efficiency of this process.
2009
keratinocyte differentiation
p14(ARF)
p63
protein degradation
sumoylation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12078/14873
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