The dopamine D3 (D3R) receptor seems to be implicated in synaptic plasticity and memory-related processes as identified by several pharmacological and behavioral approaches (Laszy et al., 2005; Swant 2008). In a previous study we have shown that D3Rs mediate an inhibitory effect on learning, since D3R knockout (D3-/ -) mice display enhanced cognitive performance in the single trial step-through passive avoidance task (PA) as compared to WTs (Micale et al., 2010; D'Amico et al., 2013). Formation of new memories is known to require de novo synthesis of proteins related to synaptìc function, possibly through the activation of a number of signaling pathways including the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), protein kinase B (namely Akt) and the activation of nuclear transcription factors such as the cAMP response element bindirig protein (CREB). However, no clear indications have yet been provided regarding the specific involvement of D3Rs in the activation of these signaling cascades after acquisition of PA. Therefore, in the present study we assessed whether activity /phosphorylation levels of several MAPKs, Akt and CREB were differentially affected by PA in both wild-type (WT) and D3-/- mice. Animals were divided into four groJps: naive, unconditioned stimulus trained (USTA), conditioned stimulus trained (CSTA) and conditioned (CA) animals. Phosphorylation of MAPKs, including extracellular signal-regulated kinase l /2 (ERK l /2), c-Jun-N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38, as well as of Akt and CREB were assessed by immunoblotting and immunohistochemical analyses. Results showed that acquisition of PA induced a significant increase in hippocampal pCREB levels both in WT and D3 -/ -mice. However, the extent of PA-driven increase in pCREB levels was significantly higher in mice lacking D3Rs. Similarly, hippocampal pERK 1/2 were further augmented in D3-/ - mice subjected to PA as compared to trained WTs. JNK and p38 phosphorylation was not affected neitryer by PA nor by genetic background. Finally, a significantly increased Akt activation was observed only when comparing naive WT and D3-/ - mice, but not in response to PA acquisition. This result suggests that the Akt signaling cascade is influenced by the absence of the receptor, but only under basal conditions. In conclusion, the data here presented supports the notion that D3Rs might modulate CREB phosphorylation after acquisition of PA, probably via activation of the ERK signaling pathway

Dopamine D3 receptor knockout mice exhibit increased hippocampal cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) following acquisition of passive avoidance memory

D'AMICO A;
2013

Abstract

The dopamine D3 (D3R) receptor seems to be implicated in synaptic plasticity and memory-related processes as identified by several pharmacological and behavioral approaches (Laszy et al., 2005; Swant 2008). In a previous study we have shown that D3Rs mediate an inhibitory effect on learning, since D3R knockout (D3-/ -) mice display enhanced cognitive performance in the single trial step-through passive avoidance task (PA) as compared to WTs (Micale et al., 2010; D'Amico et al., 2013). Formation of new memories is known to require de novo synthesis of proteins related to synaptìc function, possibly through the activation of a number of signaling pathways including the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), protein kinase B (namely Akt) and the activation of nuclear transcription factors such as the cAMP response element bindirig protein (CREB). However, no clear indications have yet been provided regarding the specific involvement of D3Rs in the activation of these signaling cascades after acquisition of PA. Therefore, in the present study we assessed whether activity /phosphorylation levels of several MAPKs, Akt and CREB were differentially affected by PA in both wild-type (WT) and D3-/- mice. Animals were divided into four groJps: naive, unconditioned stimulus trained (USTA), conditioned stimulus trained (CSTA) and conditioned (CA) animals. Phosphorylation of MAPKs, including extracellular signal-regulated kinase l /2 (ERK l /2), c-Jun-N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38, as well as of Akt and CREB were assessed by immunoblotting and immunohistochemical analyses. Results showed that acquisition of PA induced a significant increase in hippocampal pCREB levels both in WT and D3 -/ -mice. However, the extent of PA-driven increase in pCREB levels was significantly higher in mice lacking D3Rs. Similarly, hippocampal pERK 1/2 were further augmented in D3-/ - mice subjected to PA as compared to trained WTs. JNK and p38 phosphorylation was not affected neitryer by PA nor by genetic background. Finally, a significantly increased Akt activation was observed only when comparing naive WT and D3-/ - mice, but not in response to PA acquisition. This result suggests that the Akt signaling cascade is influenced by the absence of the receptor, but only under basal conditions. In conclusion, the data here presented supports the notion that D3Rs might modulate CREB phosphorylation after acquisition of PA, probably via activation of the ERK signaling pathway
dopamine D3 (D3R) receptor ; cAMP response element bindirig protein (CREB); passive avoidance memory
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12078/1419
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