Background chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and chronic heart failure (CHF) frequently coexist in older people, reducing patients’ quality of life (QoL) and increasing morbidity and mortality. Objective we studied the feasibility and efficacy of an integrated telerehabilitation home-based programme (Telereab-HBP), 4 months long, in patients with combined COPD and CHF. The primary outcome was exercise tolerance evaluated at the 6-min walk test (6MWT). Secondary outcomes were time-to-event (hospitalisation and death), dyspnoea (MRC), physical activity profile (PASE), disability (Barthel) and QoL (MLHFQ and CAT). Study design randomised, open, controlled, multicenter trial. Methods the Telereab-HBP included remote monitoring of cardiorespiratory parameters, weekly phone-calls by the nurse, and exercise programme, monitored weekly by the physiotherapist. All outcomes were studied again after 2 months of a no-intervention period. Results in total, 112 patients were randomised, 56 per group. Their mean (SD) age was 70 (9) years, and 92 (82.1%) were male. After 4 months, the IG were able to walk further than at baseline: mean (95% CI) Δ6MWT was 60 (22.2,97.8) m; the CG showed no significant improvement: −15 (−40.3,9.8) m; P = 0.0040 between groups. In IG, the media time to hospitalisation/death was 113.4 days compared with 104.7 in the CG (P = 0.0484, log-rank test). Other secondary outcomes: MRC (P = 0.0500), PASE (P = 0.0015), Barthel (P = 0.0006), MLHFQ (P = 0.0007) and CAT (P = 0.0000) were significantly improved in the IG compared with the CG at 4 months. IG maintained the benefits acquired at 6 months for outcomes. Conclusions this 4-month Telereab-HBP was feasible and effective in older patients with combined COPD and CHF.

Home-based telerehabilitation in older patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and heart failure: a randomised controlled trial

Volterrani M;
2018-01-01

Abstract

Background chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and chronic heart failure (CHF) frequently coexist in older people, reducing patients’ quality of life (QoL) and increasing morbidity and mortality. Objective we studied the feasibility and efficacy of an integrated telerehabilitation home-based programme (Telereab-HBP), 4 months long, in patients with combined COPD and CHF. The primary outcome was exercise tolerance evaluated at the 6-min walk test (6MWT). Secondary outcomes were time-to-event (hospitalisation and death), dyspnoea (MRC), physical activity profile (PASE), disability (Barthel) and QoL (MLHFQ and CAT). Study design randomised, open, controlled, multicenter trial. Methods the Telereab-HBP included remote monitoring of cardiorespiratory parameters, weekly phone-calls by the nurse, and exercise programme, monitored weekly by the physiotherapist. All outcomes were studied again after 2 months of a no-intervention period. Results in total, 112 patients were randomised, 56 per group. Their mean (SD) age was 70 (9) years, and 92 (82.1%) were male. After 4 months, the IG were able to walk further than at baseline: mean (95% CI) Δ6MWT was 60 (22.2,97.8) m; the CG showed no significant improvement: −15 (−40.3,9.8) m; P = 0.0040 between groups. In IG, the media time to hospitalisation/death was 113.4 days compared with 104.7 in the CG (P = 0.0484, log-rank test). Other secondary outcomes: MRC (P = 0.0500), PASE (P = 0.0015), Barthel (P = 0.0006), MLHFQ (P = 0.0007) and CAT (P = 0.0000) were significantly improved in the IG compared with the CG at 4 months. IG maintained the benefits acquired at 6 months for outcomes. Conclusions this 4-month Telereab-HBP was feasible and effective in older patients with combined COPD and CHF.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12078/13663
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