Kaposis's sarcoma associated herpesvirus (KSHV) has been reported to infect, among others, monocytes and dendritic cells DCs impairing their function. However, the underlying mechanisms remain not completely elucidated yet. Here we show that DC exposure to active or UV-inactivated KSHV resulted in STAT3 phosphorylation. This effect, partially dependent on KSHV-engagement of DC-SIGN, induced a high release of IL-10, IL-6 and IL-23, cytokines that in turn might maintain STAT3 in a phosphorylated state. STAT3 activation also correlated with a block of autophagy in DCs, as indicated by LC3II reduction and p62 accumulation. The IL-10, IL-6 and IL-23 release and the autophagic block could be overcome by inhibiting STAT3 activation, highlighting the role of STAT3 in mediating such effects. In conclusion, here we show that STAT3 activation can be one of the molecular mechanisms leading to KSHV-mediated DC dysfunction, that might allow viral persistence and the onset of KSHV-associated malignancies.

STAT3 activation by KSHV correlates with IL-10, IL-6 and IL-23 release and an autophagic block in dendritic cells

Granato, Marisa;
2014-01-01

Abstract

Kaposis's sarcoma associated herpesvirus (KSHV) has been reported to infect, among others, monocytes and dendritic cells DCs impairing their function. However, the underlying mechanisms remain not completely elucidated yet. Here we show that DC exposure to active or UV-inactivated KSHV resulted in STAT3 phosphorylation. This effect, partially dependent on KSHV-engagement of DC-SIGN, induced a high release of IL-10, IL-6 and IL-23, cytokines that in turn might maintain STAT3 in a phosphorylated state. STAT3 activation also correlated with a block of autophagy in DCs, as indicated by LC3II reduction and p62 accumulation. The IL-10, IL-6 and IL-23 release and the autophagic block could be overcome by inhibiting STAT3 activation, highlighting the role of STAT3 in mediating such effects. In conclusion, here we show that STAT3 activation can be one of the molecular mechanisms leading to KSHV-mediated DC dysfunction, that might allow viral persistence and the onset of KSHV-associated malignancies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12078/13106
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