Impaired degradation of the transcriptional coactivator YAP1 and IL6ST (interleukin 6 cytokine family signal transducer), two proteins deregulated in liver cancer, has been shown to promote tumor growth. Here, we demonstrate that YAP1 and IL6ST are novel substrates of chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA) in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and hepatocyte cell lines. Knockdown of the lysosomal CMA receptor LAMP2A increases protein levels of YAP1 and IL6ST, without changes in mRNA expression. Additionally, both proteins show KFERQ-dependent binding to the CMA chaperone HSPA8 and accumulate into isolated lysosomes after stimulation of CMA by prolonged starvation. We further show that LAMP2A downregulation promotes the proliferation and migration in HCC cells and a human hepatocyte cell line, and that it does so in a YAP1- and IL6ST-dependent manner. Finally, LAMP2A expression is downregulated, and YAP1 and IL6ST expression is upregulated, in human HCC biopsies. Taken together, our work reveals a novel mechanism that controls the turnover of two cancer-relevant proteins and suggests a tumor suppressor function of CMA in the liver, advocating for the exploitation of CMA activity for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.Abbreviations: ACTB: actin beta; ATG5: autophagy related 5; ATG7: autophagy related 7; CMA: chaperone-mediated autophagy; eMI: endosomal microautophagy; HCC: hepatocellular carcinoma; HSPA8: heat shock protein family A (Hsp70) member 8; IL6ST: interleukin 6 cytokine family signal transducer; JAK: Janus kinase; LAMP1: lysosomal associated membrane protein 1; LAMP2A: lysosomal associated membrane protein 2A; MAPK8: mitogen-activated protein kinase 8; P6: pyridine 6; SQSTM1: sequestosome 1; TUBA: tubulin alpha; VDAC1: voltage dependent anion channel 1; VP: verteporfin; YAP1: Yes1 associated transcriptional regulator.

Impaired degradation of YAP1 and IL6ST by chaperone-mediated autophagy promotes proliferation and migration of normal and hepatocellular carcinoma cells

Desideri, Enrico;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Impaired degradation of the transcriptional coactivator YAP1 and IL6ST (interleukin 6 cytokine family signal transducer), two proteins deregulated in liver cancer, has been shown to promote tumor growth. Here, we demonstrate that YAP1 and IL6ST are novel substrates of chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA) in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and hepatocyte cell lines. Knockdown of the lysosomal CMA receptor LAMP2A increases protein levels of YAP1 and IL6ST, without changes in mRNA expression. Additionally, both proteins show KFERQ-dependent binding to the CMA chaperone HSPA8 and accumulate into isolated lysosomes after stimulation of CMA by prolonged starvation. We further show that LAMP2A downregulation promotes the proliferation and migration in HCC cells and a human hepatocyte cell line, and that it does so in a YAP1- and IL6ST-dependent manner. Finally, LAMP2A expression is downregulated, and YAP1 and IL6ST expression is upregulated, in human HCC biopsies. Taken together, our work reveals a novel mechanism that controls the turnover of two cancer-relevant proteins and suggests a tumor suppressor function of CMA in the liver, advocating for the exploitation of CMA activity for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.Abbreviations: ACTB: actin beta; ATG5: autophagy related 5; ATG7: autophagy related 7; CMA: chaperone-mediated autophagy; eMI: endosomal microautophagy; HCC: hepatocellular carcinoma; HSPA8: heat shock protein family A (Hsp70) member 8; IL6ST: interleukin 6 cytokine family signal transducer; JAK: Janus kinase; LAMP1: lysosomal associated membrane protein 1; LAMP2A: lysosomal associated membrane protein 2A; MAPK8: mitogen-activated protein kinase 8; P6: pyridine 6; SQSTM1: sequestosome 1; TUBA: tubulin alpha; VDAC1: voltage dependent anion channel 1; VP: verteporfin; YAP1: Yes1 associated transcriptional regulator.
2022
Chaperone-mediated autophagy
IL6ST
KFERQ motif
LAMP2A
YAP1
hepatocellular carcinoma
migration
proliferation
protein degradation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12078/10786
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